Installing WordPress on Ubuntu

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Introduction: This tutorial will guide you through the process of setting up a self-hosted WordPress website on a YottaSrc servers running Ubuntu. You don't need to be an expert, but basic Linux knowledge is assumed. 


  1. A new YottaSrc server with root access.
  2. A domain pointing to your YottaSrc server (DNS record with the IP address of your server).

Ensure the DNS record follows this format, replacing with your server's IP:

Type Name Value A @

  1. Ensure that SMTP ports (25 and 587) are not blocked by your hosting provider. Unblock them if necessary.

Example Terminology (Replace with Your Values):

  • Server's Public IP:
  • WordPress Domain: example.com
  • New User for the Server: holu

Step 1: Configuring the Server Step 1.1: Checking DNS To proceed, confirm that your domain points to the YottaSrc server. Use the ping command on your local computer (replace example.com with your domain):

ping example.com

Ensure the output displays your server's IP ( as the result. If not, wait for DNS records to update and proceed with the tutorial up to Step 3.4.

Step 1.2: Updating the System Update your server:

apt update

Upgrade packages if needed:

apt upgrade

Step 1.3: Creating a User Create a regular system user (replace holu with your desired username):

adduser holu

Add the user to the sudo group:

usermod -aG sudo holu

From now on, use this new user for server operations:

su holu

Step 1.4: Configuring Time Zone Set the server's time zone to match your own:

sudo dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

Step 1.5: Creating a Directory for WordPress Create the directory for your WordPress website:

sudo mkdir /var/www/wordpress

Give permissions to the regular user:

sudo chown holu:holu /var/www/wordpress

Step 2: Installing Required Software Step 2.1: Using a Package Manager Install necessary software packages:

sudo apt update && sudo apt install nginx mariadb-server mariadb-client \ php-fpm php-cli php-zip php-xml php-mysql php-json php-curl php-imagick \ certbot python3-certbot-nginx

Step 2.2: Checking PHP Version Check the PHP version:

php -v

Note the major and minor version (e.g., 7.4).

Step 2.3: Installing WP-CLI Install WP-CLI, a useful tool for WordPress management:

cd curl -O https://raw.githubusercontent.com/wp-cli/builds/gh-pages/phar/wp-cli.phar chmod +x wp-cli.phar sudo mv wp-cli.phar /usr/local/bin/wp

Step 3: Configuring Required Software Step 3.1: Configuring PHP Edit the PHP configuration file (replace 7.4 with your PHP version):

sudo nano /etc/php/7.4/fpm/pool.d/www.conf

Replace user = www-data and group = www-data with:

user = holu group = holu

Reload the configuration (replace 7.4 with your PHP version):

sudo systemctl stop php7.4-fpm sudo systemctl start php7.4-fpm

Step 3.2: Configuring Nginx Create the Nginx configuration file:

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/wordpress

Insert the following content, making replacements as needed:

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name example.com;
    root /var/www/wordpress;
    index index.php;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;

    location ~ \.php$ {
        include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
  • Replace example.com with your domain.
  • Replace /var/www/wordpress with the directory created in Step 1.5.
  • Replace 7.4 with your PHP version.

Save and close the file. Enable the configuration file:

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/wordpress /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/wordpress

Reload Nginx:

sudo systemctl reload nginx

Step 3.3: Configuring MariaDB Open the MariaDB shell:

sudo mysql

Create a database account for the system user (replace holu with your username from Step 1.3):

CREATE USER 'holu'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED VIA unix_socket;

Choose a database name for your WordPress website (e.g., wordpress_db). Grant permissions:

GRANT ALL ON wordpress_db.* TO 'holu'@'localhost';

Exit the shell:


Step 3.4: Configuring HTTPS Support Configure HTTPS support (replace example.com with your domain):

sudo certbot -d example.com

Follow the prompts and select option 2 to redirect requests when asked.

Step 3.5: Configuring Email Notifications To receive email notifications from your WordPress website, set up the mail server and create a DNS record:

Type Name Value TXT @ v=spf1 a -all

Install and configure the mail server:

sudo apt update && sudo apt install postfix

Select "Internet Site" when prompted and use your WordPress website's domain as the mail name.

Edit the postfix configuration

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